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Hypertensive Nephropathy / Nephrosclerosis

Even if you regularly take diabetic and / or high blood pressure treatments like medicines, injections, exercise, herbs etc and successfully controlled your sugar and blood pressure and you develop kidney failure like increased serum creatinine. It means there are some other factors which you did not controlled. 

Hypertensive nephropathy refers to kidney disease that occurs in people with hypertension. The kidneys help regulate the amount of fluids and salts in the body, which helps to control blood pressure and releases different types of hormones. 

Risk Factors for Hypertensive Nephropathy

As described in allopathic science risk factor for this disease is largely not under your control as described below. But what scientific research on essential hypertension shows that this is largely dependant on food we consume. That is largely related to malnutrition and progressive deterioration of health. This is called as metabolic deterioration of health due to malnutrition with progressive hardening of vessels leading to slow deterioration of organ function. 

Benign Nephrosclerosis:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus (Type 1, Type 2)

Malignant Nephrosclerosis:

  • Malignant hypertension (Diastolic blood pressures in excess of 130mm Hg)
  • Male gender
  • People of colour
  • Pre-existing hypertension
  • Pre-existing renal disease


Hypertension, which is chronically high blood pressure, is one of the most common medical problems. Hypertension does not usually cause any symptoms, and it is not always diagnosed in the early stages. It is a leading cause of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and other serious medical problems.

Because hypertension is so common and consequential, it is important for everyone to have their blood pressure checked periodically. And if you have hypertension, you can work closely with your doctor to find an effective treatment.

Hypertension is classified based on how high the blood pressure is. The stages are:

  • Stage 1 hypertension: Systolic pressure 130 to 139 mmHg or diastolic pressure 80 to 89 mmHg
  • Stage 2 hypertension: Systolic pressure greater than 139 mmHg orpressure diastolic greater than 89 mmHg

Prehypertension describes blood pressure that is higher than the desirable range, but not high enough to be labeled hypertension. In prehypertension, the systolic pressure is 120 to 129 mmHg and the diastolic pressure is less than 80 mmHg.

Symptoms of prehypertension and stage 1 and 2 hypertension rarely occur. If you do experience symptoms, they may include:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Shortness of breath
  • Blurred vision

Malignant Hypertension

In addition to these types of hypertension, there is a rare, severe form called hypertensive emergency, or malignant hypertension. Malignant hypertension is diagnosed when the blood pressure is extremely high and is accompanied by evidence of acute organ damage.

This acute organ damage is caused by extremely low blood supply or rupture of blood vessels when they are suddenly exposed to very high blood pressure. The effects may include bleeding in the eyes, kidney failure, heart rhythm irregularities, heart attack, aneurysm rupture, or stroke.

Symptoms can include:

  • Dizziness
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vision changes
  • Weakness, numbness or tingling of the face, arms or legs

Malignant hypertension is always a medical emergency and requires aggressive intensive medical care.​

उच्च रक्तचाप

उच्च रक्तचाप से किडनी फेल हो सकता है या किडनी फेल होने से होता है उच्च रक्तचाप. इस बात पर वर्षों से बहस कर रहे हैं वैज्ञानिक. 

परन्तु अब इसका वैज्ञानिक समाधान खोज लिया गया है. मसलन उच्च रक्तचाप को कण्ट्रोल किया जा सकता है और इसमें रक्तचाप की दवाईयों का कोई रोल नहीं है. 

Prevention or strategies to help maintain good blood pressure:

  • Maintaining metabolic diet for adequate heath 
  • Maintenance of ideal body weight
  • Limiting salt intake
  • Cease smoking
  • Avoid excessive alcohol intake
  • Regular exercise

किडनी फेलियर से बचाव

हमारे उपचार द्वारा कुपोषण और उसके दुष्प्रभाव को दूर किया जा सकता है और इससे किडनी फेलियर की समस्या पर काबू पाया जा सकता है.

Causes of Hypertension

With hypertension, the pressure in the arteries is high enough to eventually produce damage to the blood vessels.

The causes of hypertension are usually divided into two general categories:

  • Primary hypertension of no known cause, also called essential hypertension
  • Secondary hypertension that is caused by an underlying medical problem

The vast majority of people with hypertension have essential hypertension.

Primary Hypertension

There are some risk factors that can make it more likely for you to develop primary hypertension.

The most ones include advancing age, male gender, obesity, and elevated cholesterol and triglycerides levels. Women are more likely to develop hypertension after menopause. Hypertension is more common and more severe in African Americans and among people who have a family history of the condition.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension can be caused by kidney disease; sleep apnea; coarctation of the aorta; disease of the blood vessels supplying the kidneys; various endocrine gland disorders; the use of oral contraceptives; smoking; alcohol intake of more than two drinks per day; chronic use of  certain medicines.

Excess salt intake is an important factor in developing hypertension for many people.

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